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Useful information

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS or KTS)

Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is a common condition that occurs due to compression of the so-called median nerve in the area of the wrist. The median nerve is responsible for transmitting impulses to the thumb, index finger, and middle finger.

The most common cause of CTS is compression of the median nerve in the carpal tunnel caused by changes in the wrist such as swelling, hardening, or bony growths. Other causes can include overuse from physical work, wrist deformities, arthritis, diabetes mellitus, poor circulation, hormonal changes, pregnancy and certain medications.

The most common symptoms of CTS are numbness, tingling, burning and pain in the affected hands and fingers, especially at night. Symptoms can gradually worsen and can affect fine motor skills and hand strength in some people.

The course of CTS varies depending on the cause and severity. In some cases, CTS can improve without treatment, but in other cases it can lead to progressive impairment of hand function. The diagnosis includes a physical/ neurological examination  and, if necessary, imaging procedures such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). However, the most important examinations are electroneurography and electromyography (NLG/ EMG).

Treatment for CTS depends on the cause and the severity of the condition. In mild cases, conservative therapy, such as wearing a splint, can help. In more severe cases, surgical treatment may be required to relieve pressure on the median nerve.

In summary, carpal tunnel syndrome is a common condition caused by compressions of the median nerve in the wrist.

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