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Useful information

Vascular dementia

Vascular dementia, also known as multi-infarct dementia, is a form of dementia caused by damage to the small blood vessels in the brain. This damage can lead to memory loss, confusion, and other cognitive problems.

Vascular dementia is usually the result of multiple small strokes (brain attacks) that gradually damage the brain over time. These strokes can be caused by a variety of factors, such as atherosclerosis, high blood pressure, smoking, diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia, and others.

The symptoms of vascular dementia can vary from person to person and depend on the severity of the damage and the areas of the brain that are affected. Typical symptoms include memory loss, confusion, language processing problems, poor judgment, problems planning and completing tasks, and motor impairments.

The course of vascular dementia is unpredictable and may vary between individuals. In general, cognitive function declines slowly and there may be periods of stabilization or modest improvement. In some cases, a person may suddenly experience a significant decline in function, which may be due to a major stroke.

There is still no cure for this form of dementia, but there are ways to slow the progression and prevent the symptoms from progressing. Good blood pressure control and not smoking can reduce the risk of stroke. A healthy diet, regular physical activity, and other lifestyle changes can also help maintain cognitive function. Blood-thinning medications  are also used, which improve the blood supply to the brain.

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