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Useful information

Alzheimer's dementia (AD)

Alzheimer's dementia (AD) is a progressive, degenerative brain disease that results in a slow but steady decline in cognitive ability and behavior. It is the most common form of dementia and primarily affects people aged 65 and older. However, the symptoms can also appear in younger people.

The causes of Alzheimer's dementia are not fully understood, but a combination of genetic and environmental factors are thought to play a role. Overactivity of enzymes, deposition of ß-amyloid plaques and inflammatory nerve processes have been shown to be involved in the development of the disease.

The symptoms of Alzheimer's dementia are varied and insidious. At first it can be difficult to distinguish them from the normal changes that occur with age. The most common symptoms include memory loss, confusion, difficulty performing everyday tasks, loss of sense of direction, and changes in behavior and personality.

The course of Alzheimer's dementia is slow and insidious. Symptoms gradually worsen and can eventually make people unable to take care of themselves. In advanced stages there may be a loss of speech and control over movements . Other psychiatric complaints such as for example depression can often accompany Alzheimer's disease.

Unfortunately, there is no cure for Alzheimer's dementia. The therapy aims to relieve the symptoms and improve the quality of life of those affected. Medications can be used to slow cognitive loss and improve memory problems. Other therapy options include memory and cognition exercises, behavior and mood stabilizers, and support for family caregivers.

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