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Useful information


Headaches are one of the most common health complaints and can occur with varying degrees of intensity and frequency. There are many different types of headaches, each with different causes and symptoms.

The most common types of headaches are tension headaches, migraines, and cluster headaches. Tension headaches are often associated with stress-related muscle tension in the neck and shoulders and may be accompanied by pain or pressure in the head area.

Migraine is a form of headache that is often accompanied by nausea, vomiting, and sensitivity to light and noise.

Cluster headaches are painful and sudden headaches that are often localized to one side of the head.

The causes of headaches can be varied and include stress, muscle tension, dehydration, hormonal changes, malfunctions in the brain's pain mechanism, infections, and certain medical conditions such as migraines or cluster headaches.

The diagnosis of headaches is often based on a thorough history and physical exam, during which the doctor will ask questions about the type, duration, frequency, and possible triggers of the headache. In certain cases, imaging diagnostics, such as a CT or MRI, may also be necessary to rule out possible causes.

Treatment for a headache depends on the cause. Tension headaches can be managed with stress-reduction exercises, stretching, massage, and pain medication. Migraines can be treated with oral or nasal medications, pain medications, or specific triptans. Cluster headaches can be treated with oral or nasal medications, oxygen therapy, or sometimes prophylactic therapy.

There are over 150 different types of headaches, which can be broken down into primary and secondary headaches. The primary headaches that are more common include migraines, cluster headaches, and tension headaches. Secondary headaches can be caused by other causes such as a sinus infection, a concussion, or even a cerebral hemorrhage. These secondary headaches  must therefore be clarified quickly and, if necessary, treated accordingly.


It is important to see a doctor to determine the exact cause of headaches so that appropriate treatment can be obtained.

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